The Hawker Hurricane - the RAF's forgotten fighter star of the Battle of Britain.

Back e-mail contact Disclaimer Home

The Sopwith / Hawker "Blood Line"

Why was the Hawker Hurricane the right plane at the right time and in the right numbers?
Part of the answer was in the long history of the company and the many previous successes
(and many more that were to follow).

During February 1912 the "Sopwith School of Flying" was established at Brooklands, near London.

On 4 July 1912 the first aircraft of thier own construction flew - a Gnome powered Sopwith-Wright biplane - known as the "School Biplane"or "Hybrid". This marked the start of the Sopwith Aviation Co. Ltd.

  1913 - Sopwith D1 "Three-Seater"
(built from the "School Biplane" )

Format - Two/three seat general purpose biplane
Production - 11
Engine - One 80 hp Gnome seven-cylinder air-cooled rotary
Armament -
Max Speed - 70mph
Range - 2½ hours endurance

  1913 - Sopwith Bat Boat (Type 1 & 2)

Format - Two seat biplane pusher flying boat
Production - 3
Engine Type 1 - One 90 hp Austro-Daimler
Engine Type 1 - One 200 hp Canton-Unne or Sunbeam
Armament - none
Max Speed - 65mph
Range - 2 hours endurance

  1913 - Sopwith HT (Tractor Seaplane)

Format - Two seat biplane seaplane
Production - 3
Engine - One 100 hp Anzani radial
Armament -
Max Speed -
Range -

  1913 - Sopwith Circuit Seaplane

Format - Two seat biplane seaplane for 1913 Circuit of Britain Race
Production - 1
Engine - One 100 hp Green six cylinder inline
Armament - none
Max Speed - 65mph
Range -

  1913 - Sopwith Type 807

Format - two seat seaplane biplane
Production - 12
Engine - One 100 hp Gnome rotary
Armament -
Max Speed - 80mph
Range - 3½hr endurance

  1913 - Sopwith Gunbus (SPGn)

Format - two seat biplane pusher fighter
Production - 29
Engine - One 100 hp Anzani or 150 hp Sunbeam
Armament - one 1½lb. Vickers gun or Maxim machine gun
Max Speed -
Range - 2½hr endurance


Sopwith Tabloid replica, RAF Museum, Hendon Aug 2004

1914 - Sopwith Tabloid (also SS & Sociable)

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 36
Engine - One 80 hp Gnome rotary
Armament - hand-held smallarms
Max Speed - 93mph
Range - 3hr endurance

  1914 - Sopwith Gordon Bennett Racer

Format - Single seat biplane Gordon Bennett Racer
Production - 2
Engine - One 80 hp Gnome rotary
Armament -
Max Speed - 105mph
Range -

  1914 - Sopwith Type C

Format - two seat biplane torpedo seaplane
Production - 3
Engine - One 200 hp Salmson radial
Armament - One 900 lb torpedo
Max Speed -
Range - 4hr endurance

  1914 - Sopwith Type 137

Format - two seat seaplane biplane
Production - 1
Engine - One 120 hp Austro-Daimler inline
Armament -
Max Speed -
Range -

  1914 - Sopwith Type 860

Format - two seat seaplane biplane
Production - 18
Engine - One 225 hp Sunbeam Mohawk V12 cylinder
Armament - torpedo
Max Speed -
Range -

  1914 - Sopwith Two Seat Scout - "Spinning Jenny"

Format - two seat biplane reconnaissance
Production - 24
Engine - One 100 hp Gnome rotary
Armament -
Max Speed - 69mph
Range - 3½hr endurance

  1914 - Sopwith Schneider

Format - Single seat biplane fighter seaplane
Production - 137
Engine - One 100 hp Gnome rotary
Armament - One Lewis machine gun and 65 lb bomb
Max Speed - 87mph
Range - 3hr endurance

  1914 - Sopwith Baby

Format - Single seat biplane fighter and bombing seaplane
Production - 286
Engine - One 110 hp Clerget rotary
Armament - One Lewis machine gun and 2x65 lb bombs
Max Speed - 100mph
Range - 2hr endurance

  1915 - Sopwith LCT 1½ Strutter

Format - two seat biplane reconnaissance/fighter
Production - 5,466
Engine - One 110 hp Clerget 9Z engine
Armament - One forward firing Vickers machine gun with Lewis gun and up to 300lb bombs
Max Speed - 96mph
Range - 4hr endurance

  1915 - Sopwith Sparrow (a version of the Pup?)

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 5
Engine - One 50 hp Gnome
Armament -
Max Speed -
Range -


Sopwith Pup (replica)
Midland Air Museum - July 2004
1916 - Sopwith SLTPB Pup

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1,847
Engine - One 80 hp Le Rhone
Armament - One 0.303 in Vickers machine-gun
Max Speed - 104mph
Range - 3hr endurance

  1916 - Sopwith Triplane

Format - single seat triplane fighter
Production - 152
Engine - One 110 hp Clerget
Armament - One fixed Vickers gun
Max Speed - 112mph
Range - 2½hr endurance


2F.1 - Imperial War Museum, London - Aug 2004

1916 - Sopwith F1 & 2F.1 Camel

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - F1 5,400+ & 2F.1 250
Engine - One 130 hp Clerget 9B rotary
Armament - Two forward firing 0.303in Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 105mph
Range - 2½hr endurance

  1917 - Sopwith Bee

Format - Single seat experimental biplane
Production - 1
Engine - One 50 hp Gnome rotary
Armament -
Max Speed -
Range -

  1917 - Sopwith B1 /B2

Format - Single seat biplane bomber
Production - 2
Engine - One 200 hp Hispano-Suiza
Armament - 560 lb bombs
Max Speed - 118mph
Range - 2½hr endurance

  1917 - Sopwith T1 Cuckoo

Format - Single seat carrier-borne or land-based biplane torpedo bomber
Production - 233
Engine - One 200 hp Sunbeam Arab
Armament - one 18in torpedo
Max Speed - 102mph
Range - 4 hr endurance

  1917 - Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1,559
Engine - One 200 hp Hispano-Suiza
Armament - 2 fixed Vickers guns and 2 Lewis gun
Max Speed - 120mph
Range - 2hr endurance

  1917 - Sopwith 2B.2 Rhino

Format - Two seat triplane bomber
Production - 2
Engine - One 230 hp BHP
Armament - one fixed 0.303in Vickers machine guns and one Lewis gun for gunner
Max Speed - 103mph
Range - 3¼hours endurance

  1917 - Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - 2,103
Engine - One 230 hp Bentley BR2 rotary
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 121mph
Range - 3hr endurance

  1918 - Sopwith 3F.2 Hippo

Format - Two seat biplane fighter
Production - 2
Engine - One 200 hp Clerget
Armament - Two fixed 0.303in Vickers machine guns and two Lewis guns for gunner
Max Speed - 115mph
Range -

  1918 - Sopwith 2FR.2 Bulldog

Format - Two seat biplane fighter/reconnaissance
Production - 2
Engine - One 200 hp Clerget
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns and two Lewis guns for gunner
Max Speed - 109mph
Range - 2 hours endurance

  1918 - Sopwith TF.2 Salamander

Format - Single seat ground-attack biplane fighter
Production - 150+
Engine - One 230 hp Bentley BR2 rotary
Armament - Two fixed 0.303in Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 124mph
Range - 2hours endurance

  1918 - Sopwith 8F.1 Snail

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - 6
Engine - One 170 hp ABC Wasp radial
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns and one Lewis gun
Max Speed - 114mph
Range -

  1918 - Sopwith Buffalo

Format - Two seat ground attack biplane fighter
Production - 2
Engine - One 230 hp Bentley rotary
Armament - one fixed 0.303in Vickers machine guns and Lewis gun for gunner
Max Speed - 114mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Snark

Format - Single seat triplane fighter
Production - 3
Engine - One 360hp ABC Dragonfly
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns and four wing mounted Lewis guns
Max Speed - 130mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Snapper

Format - Single seat biplane fighter
Production - 3
Engine - One 360hp ABC Dragonfly
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 140mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Cobham

Format - triplane bomber
Production - 3
Engine - two 360hp ABC Dragonfly
Armament - two Lewis guns for gunner
Max Speed -
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Atlantic

Format - long distance biplane
Production - 1
Engine - one 375hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII
Armament - none
Max Speed - 118mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Wallaby

Format - long distance biplane
Production - 2
Engine - one 360hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII
Armament - none
Max Speed - 115mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Dove

Format - two seat civil biplane
Production - 10
Engine - one 80hp Le Rhone
Armament - none
Max Speed - 100mph
Range - 2½hours endurance

  1919 - Sopwith Gnu

Format - three seat commercial biplane
Production - 12
Engine - one 230hp BR2
Armament - none
Max Speed - 93mph
Range - 3½hours endurance

  1919 - Sopwith Antelope

Format - three seat commercial biplane
Production - 2
Engine - one 180hp Wolseley Viper
Armament - none
Max Speed - 110mph
Range -

  1919 - Sopwith Grasspopper

Format - two seat civil biplane
Production - 2
Engine - one 100hp Anzani
Armament - none
Max Speed - 90mph
Range -

In 1920 the H.G. Hawker Engineering Co.Ltd. was formed with it's registered office at Canbury Park Road, Kingston-upon-Thames.
  1923 - Hawker Woodcock

Format - two seat biplane night fighter
Production - 60+
Engine - One 358hp. Bristol Jaguar II air cooled radial
Armament - Two Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 143mph
Range - 2½hours endurance

  1923 - Hawker Duiker

Format - Two seat parasol wing reconnaissance
Production - 1
Engine - One 389 hp Bristol Jupiter IV air cooled radial
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun in nose with Lewis gun for observer
Max Speed - 125mph
Range - 340 miles

  1924 - Hawker Hedgehog

Format - Three seat biplane naval reconnaissance
Production - 1
Engine - One 398 hp Bristol Jupiter IV air cooled radial
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis gun for observer
Max Speed - 120mph
Range - 2½ hours endurance


Hawker Cygnet
RAF Museum, Cosford - 10 May 2002
1924 - Hawker Cygnet

Format - Two seat sporting biplane for the Light Aeroplane Competition
Production - 2
Engine - One 34 hp British Anzani 2 cylinder
Armament - none
Max Speed - 82mph
Range -

  1925 - Hawker Danecock

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 15
Engine - One 385 hp Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar 14 cylinder radial
Armament -
Max Speed - 145mph
Range - 2½ hours endurance

  1925 - Hawker Heron

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 455 hp Bristol Jupiter 9 cylinder radial
Armament - Two Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 156mph
Range - 3½ hours endurance

  March 1925 - Hawker Horsley

Format - Two seat biplane bomber/torpedo bomber
Production - 120+
Engine - One 665 hp Rolls-Royce Condor
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis gun for observer. One torpedo or 1,500 lb of bombs
Max Speed - 125mph
Range - 10 hours endurance

  1926 - Hawker Hornbill

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 698 hp Rolls-Royce Condor
Armament -
Max Speed - 187mph
Range - 200 miles

  1927 - Hawker Hawfinch

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 450 hp Bristol Jupiter VII radial
Armament - two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 171mph
Range -

  Early 1927 - Hawker Harrier

Format - Two seat biplane bomber/torpedo bomber
Production - 1
Engine - One 583 hp Bristol Jupiter VIII radial
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis gun for observer. One torpedo or up to 1,000 lb bombs
Max Speed - 135mph
Range -


RAF Museum, Hendon Aug 2004

1928 - Hawker Hart

Format - Two seat biplane light bomber & trainer
Production - 900+
Engine - One 525 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis gun for observer and 520lb. bomb-load.
Max Speed - 168mph
Range - 430 miles

  1928 - Hawker F.20/27

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 450 hp Bristol Jupiter
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 202mph
Range - 3½ hours endurance

  1928 - Hawker Tomtit

Format - Two seat basic trainer biplane
Production - 30+
Engine - One 150 hp Armstrong Siddeley Mongoose radial
Armament -
Max Speed - 124mph
Range -

  1928 - Hawker Hoopoe

Format - single seat naval biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 450 hp Bristol Mercury radial
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 196mph
Range -

  1929 - Hawker Hornet

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 480 hp Rolls-Royce F.XIS
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 205mph
Range -


Hawker Fury I reproduction "K5673" [BAPC 249]
Brooklands Museum, Aug 2007
1929 - Hawker Fury

Format - single seat biplane fighter
Production - 260+
Engine - One 525 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns
Max Speed - 207mph
Range - 270 miles

  1930 - Hawker Nimrod

Format - Single seat naval biplane fighter
Production - 60+
Engine - One 477 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns & 4x20 lb bombs
Max Speed - 196mph
Range -

  1931 - Hawker Audax

Format - Two seat Army co-operation biplane
Production - 700+
Engine - One 530 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun & one Lewis in rear cockpit and 8x20 lb bombs
Max Speed - 170mph
Range - 3½ hours endurance

  1932 - Hawker Demon

Format - Two seat biplane fighter
Production - 300+
Engine - One 485hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - Two fixed Vickers machine guns and one Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit
Max Speed - 181mph
Range -

  1932 - Hawker Osprey

Format - Two seat naval biplane fighter reconnaissance landplane or seaplane
Production - 130+
Engine - One 630 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - one fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit
Max Speed - 168mph
Range -

  1934 - Hawker Hardy

Format - Two seat "tropical" general purpose biplane
Production - 40+
Engine - One 530 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - one fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit
Max Speed - 164mph
Range -

  1934 - Hawker P.V.3

Format - single seat day and night biplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 695 hp Rolls-Royce Goshawk III
Armament - Four fixed machine guns
Max Speed - 224mph
Range -

  1934 - Hawker P.V.4

Format - Two seat light bomber biplane
Production - 1
Engine - One 820 hp Bristol Pegasus X radial
Armament - one fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit and 570lb. bomb-load
Max Speed - 183mph
Range -


Hind (Afghan) reproduction [BAPC.82] – RAF Cosford Nov 2008
1934 - Hawker Hind

Format - Two seat bomber biplane
Production - 590+
Engine - One 640 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament -
Max Speed - 187mph
Range -

  1935 - Hawker Hartbees

Format - Two seat ground support aircraft biplane
Production - 60+
Engine - One 608 hp Rolls-Royce Kestrel V12
Armament - One fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis in rear cockpit and light bombs
Max Speed - 176mph
Range - Range - 3¼ hours endurance


Photograph - Aerospace Museum, Cosford
- May 2002
6 November 1935 - Hawker Hurricane

Format - Single seat monoplane fighter
Production - 15,195
Engine - One 1,030 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin V12
Armament - 8 Browning 0.303in. machine guns
Max Speed - 340mph
Range - 470 miles

  1936 - Hawker Hector

Format - Two seat army cooperation biplane
Production - 175+
Engine - One 805hp Napier Dagger H24 cylinder
Armament - one fixed Vickers machine gun and one Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit
Max Speed - 187mph
Range -

  1937 - Hawker Henley

Format - Two seat target towing monoplane
Production - 200+
Engine - One 1,030 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin V12
Armament - none
Max Speed - 270mph
Range - 950 miles

  1938 - Hawker Hotspur

Format - Two seat gun-turret fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 1,025 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin V12
Armament - single fixed Vickers machine gun and four Browning machine gun gun-turret
Max Speed - 316mph
Range -

  1939 - Hawker Tornado

Format - single seat monoplane fighter
Production - 4
Engine - One 1,760hp Rolls-Royce Vulture H24 cylinder
Armament -
Max Speed - 398mph
Range -


RAF Museum, Hendon Aug 2004

1940 - Hawker Typhoon

Format - Single seat monoplane fighter bomber
Production - 3,271
Engine - One 2,100 hp Napier Sabre H24 cylinder
Armament - four 20mm. cannon and 2x1,000 lb bombs or 8 rockets
Max Speed - 412mph
Range - 510 miles


Hawker Tempest V, RAF Museum, Hendon Aug 2004

1943 - Hawker Tempest

Format - Single seat monoplane fighter-bomber
Production - 1,404
Engine - One 2,180 hp Napier Sabre H24 cylinder
Armament - Four 20mm. Hispano cannon and eight rocket projectiles or 2x1,000 lb bombs
Max Speed - 426mph
Range - 740 miles

  1944 - Hawker F.2/43 Fury & Sea Fury

Format - Single seat naval monoplane fighter
Production - 900
Engine - One 2,480hp Bristol Centaurus 18 cylinder radial
Armament - Four 20mm. Hispano cannon and 2x500 lb bombs, or twelve rocket projectiles
Max Speed - 460mph
Range - 1,040 miles


Armstrong Whitworth Sea Hawk FGA.6 WV797
Midland Air Museum - July 2004
1947 - Hawker P.1040 & Sea Hawk
(Armstrong Whitworth Sea Hawk)

Format - Single seat naval monoplane fighter bomber
Production - 530+
Engine - One 4,500lb. thrust Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet
Armament - Four 20mm. cannon and bombs or rocket projectiles
Max Speed - 599mph at sea-level
Range -

  1948 - Hawker P.1052

Format - Single seat swept wing research monoplane
Production - 2
Engine - One 5,000 lb Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet
Armament - none
Max Speed - 682mph at sea-level
Range -

  1950 - Hawker P.1081

Format - Single seat swept wing experimental monoplane
Production - 1
Engine - One 5,000lb thrust Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet
Armament - none
Max Speed - 604mph at sea-level
Range -

  1950 - Hawker P.1072

Format - single seat experimental rocket powered monoplane fighter
Production - 1
Engine - One 5,000lb thrust Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet and One 2,000lb thrust Armstrong Siddeley Snarler liquid fuel rocket
Armament - none
Max Speed - 581mph at sea-level
Range -


Hawker Hunter F6A XF382
Midland Air Museum - July 2004
1951 - Hawker Hunter

Format - Single seat fighter / ground attack
Production - 2,050
Engine - One 5,500lb. thrust Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet engine
Armament - Four 30 mm Aden & various warloads
Max Speed - 650mph at sea-level
Range - 1,840 miles


Science Museum, London Aug 2004

1961 - Hawker P.1127

Format - single seat experimental Vertical Take Off & Landing monoplane
Production - 6
Engine - One 10,500lb. thrust Bristol Pegasus vectored thrust turbofan
Armament - none
Max Speed - 720 mph at sea-level
Range -

  1964 - Hawker Siddeley Kestrel

Format - Single seat VTOL tactical close support monoplane
Production - 9
Engine - One 15,000lb. thrust Bristol Pegasus vectored thrust turbofan
Armament - none
Max Speed - 710 mph at sea-level
Range -

BAe Harrier GR3 - RAF Museum, Hendon Aug 2004

1967 - Hawker Siddeley Harrier

Format - Single seat VTOL Tactical close support monoplane
Production - 1,000+ of various versions
Engine - One 21,500lb. thrust Bristol Pegasus vectored thrust turbofan
Armament - two 30mm gun pods and 5,000lb. warload
Max Speed - 736mph. at sea-level
Range - 2,340miles (max.)

  1974 - Hawker Siddeley P.1182 Hawk

Format - two seat advancer trainer
Production - 600+
Engine - One 5,200lb thrust Rolls-Royce Adour Mk.151 turbofan
Armament - none as standard
Max Speed - 615mph. at sea-level
Range - 1,510miles

 

Back e-mail contact Disclaimer Home

V1.4 - 6 December 2015 ---- recommended resolution (1366 x 768)

© David Hodgkinson 2000-2015. All rights reserved.